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BEAUTIFUL MINDS: CHANGED WORLD'S HISTORY AND OUR PRESENT WORLD



BEAUTIFUL MINDS: CHANGED WORLD'S HISTORY AND OUR PRESENT WORLD

THERES' S BEEN A LOT OF GREAT DISCOVERIES IN FEW DECADES AND HUMAN MIND NOT ONLY MADE GREAT DISCOVERIES BUT ALSO MADE MANY CHALLENGES TO OUR PRESENT WORLD FORCING US TO THINK HOW THEIR MIND ABLE TO THINK AT THAT EXTENT. ALTHOUGH THERE ARE MANY GREAT DISCOVERIES LEFT, MAY BE THERE ARE SOME MINDS THAT WE DIDN'T KNOW OR BEING KEPT HIDDEN.

SO HERE'S A LIST OF SOME FAMOUS INNOVATIVE SCIENTISTS WHO CHANGED THE WAY OF HUMAN THINKING.

Leonardo da Vinci


Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, more commonly Leonardo da Vinci  15 April 1452 – 2 May 1519), was an Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, paintingsculpting, architecture, science, music,mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomygeology, astronomy, botanywritinghistory, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of paleontologyichnology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time.Sometimes credited with the inventions of the parachutehelicopter and tank, his genius epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal.
Renaissance humanism recognized no mutually exclusive polarities between the sciences and the arts, and Leonardo's studies in science and engineering are as impressive and innovative as his artistic work. These studies were recorded in 13,000 pages of notes and drawings, which fuse art and natural philosophy (the forerunner of modern science), made and maintained daily throughout Leonardo's life and travels, as he made continual observations of the world around him.
Leonardo's writings are mostly in mirror-image cursive. The reason may have been more a practical expediency than for reasons of secrecy as is often suggested. Since Leonardo wrote with his left hand, it is probable that it was easier for him to write from right to left.
is notes and drawings display an enormous range of interests and preoccupations, some as mundane as lists of groceries and people who owed him money and some as intriguing as designs for wings and shoes for walking on water. There are compositions for paintings, studies of details and drapery, studies of faces and emotions, of animals, babies, dissections, plant studies, rock formations, whirlpools, war machines, flying machines and architecture.

STILL USINGLeonardo da Vinci INVENTIONS


  • The ball bearing – used in almost every moving machine, from laser printers to the 747, modern society would not function without the ball bearing
  • the parachute – Leonardo’s parachute was drawn 300 years before the first parachute was ever used, it was tested in 2005 and found to work
  • his mirror grinding machine – still used by amateur telescope makers
  • the scissors – no comment necessary :)
  • portable bridges – still used by the military
  • the bucket-wheel excavator – still used in coal mines all over the world
  • the mitre lock, used on thousands of canals all over the world
  • the odometer – although Leonardo’s odometer was crude, it still measured distance accurately, it helped him to draw his maps with precision, odometers are found on almost every modern form of transport.
  • the spring drive – Leonardo invented the first spring driven mechanism. Spring driven mechanisms nowadays have been downgraded to that of toys as they cannot produce prolonged power production
  • the anemometer – these are still used by meteorologists and many others for measuring wind speeds
  • the double hull for ships – this was basically a hull inside a hull, if one was punctured the ship could still stay afloat, still used by the military and larger sea faring ships. If the Titanic of 1912 had have had Leonardo’s invention from 400 years earlier, it would still be afloat
  • robots – Leonardo invented the first robot in history,  this is the reason why many robotic companies use his “vitruvian man” as their company logos

Albert Einstein



Albert Einstein was a German-borntheoretical physicist. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongsidequantum mechanics).Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.Einstein is best known in popular culture for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation"). He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his "services to theoretical physics", in particular his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.


STILL USINGAlbert Einstein INVENTIONS


No Doubt almost all the fundamentals of physics are base on his theories.

Isaac Newton



Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist and mathematician(described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time and a key figure in the scientific revolution. His book PhilosophiƦ Naturalis Principia Mathematica ("Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy"), first published in 1687, laid the foundations for classical mechanics. Newton made seminal contributions to optics, and he shares credit with Gottfried Leibniz for the development of calculus.
Newton's Principia formulated the laws of motion and universal gravitation, which dominated scientists' view of the physical universe for the next three centuries. By deriving Kepler's laws of planetary motion from his mathematical description of gravity, and then using the same principles to account for the trajectories of comets, the tides, the precession of the equinoxes, and other phenomena, Newton removed the last doubts about the validity of the heliocentric model of the Solar System. 


Sir Issac Newton INVENTIONS

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Sir Issac Newton is best know for his laws of motion. Many people’s knowledge of his scientific contributions stops there. Issac Newtons inventions contributed a great deal to our current understanding of subjects from optics to theology and how early scientists were able to view their world.

Nikola Tesla



Nikola Tesla was a Serbian American[ inventor, electrical engineermechanical engineerphysicist, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current(AC) electricity supply system.
Tesla gained experience in telephony and electrical engineering before emigrating to the United States in 1884 to work for Thomas Edison in New York City. He soon struck out on his own with financial backers, setting up laboratories and companies to develop a range of electrical devices. His patented AC induction motor and transformer were licensed by George Westinghouse, who also hired Tesla for a short time as a consultant. His work in the formative years of electric power development was involved in a corporate alternating current/direct current "War of Currents" as well as various patent battles.
Tesla went on to pursue his ideas of wireless lighting and electricity distribution in his high-voltage, high-frequency power experiments in New York and Colorado Springs, and made early (1893) pronouncements on the possibility of wireless communication with his devices. He tried to put these ideas to practical use in an ill-fated attempt at intercontinental wireless transmission, his unfinished Wardenclyffe Tower project. In his lab he also conducted a range of experiments with mechanical oscillators/generators, electrical discharge tubes, and early X-ray imaging. He also built a wireless controlled boat, one of the first ever exhibited.

SOURCE -INTERNET,WIKIPEDIA AND MAY WEBSITES